Common Legal Terminology
- The formal written statement by a defendant in a civil case that responds to a complaint, articulating the grounds for defense.
- A request made after a trial by a party that has lost on one or more issues that a higher court review the decision to determine if it was correct. To make such a request is “to appeal” or “to take an appeal.” One who appeals is called the “appellant;” the other party is the “appellee.”
- The party who appeals a district court’s decision, usually seeking reversal of that decision.
- About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgment of a lower court (trial court) or tribunal. For example, the U.S. circuit courts of appeals review the decisions of the U.S. district courts.
- The party who opposes an appellant’s appeal, and who seeks to persuade the appeals court to affirm the district court’s decision.
- A proceeding in which a criminal defendant is brought into court, told of the charges in an indictment or information, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
Article III Judge -
- A federal judge who is appointed for life, during “good behavior,” under Article III of the Constitution. Article III judges are nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate.
- Property of all kinds, including real and personal, tangible and intangible.
- An agreement to continue performing duties under a contract or lease.
Automatic Stay -
- An injunction that automatically stops lawsuits, foreclosures, garnishments, and most collection activities against the debtor the moment a bankruptcy petition is filed.
All terms and definitions on this page are from uscourts.gov/glossary (April 13, 2020)