Common Legal Terminology

Wage garnishment -

A nonbankruptcy legal proceeding whereby a plaintiff or creditor seeks to subject to his or her claim the future wages of a debtor. In other words, the creditor seeks to have part of the debtor’s future wages paid to the creditor for a debt owed to the creditor.

Warrant -

Court authorization, most often for law enforcement officers, to conduct a search or make an arrest.

Witness -

A person called upon by either side in a lawsuit to give testimony before the court or jury.

Writ -

A written court order directing a person to take, or refrain from taking, a certain act.

Writ of certiorari -

An order issued by the U.S. Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case which it will hear on appeal.

All terms and definitions on this page are from uscourts.gov/glossary (April 13, 2020)